There are anecdotes from space missions that remain in the background and are worth remembering, such as the photo that astronaut Charlie Duke left on the Moon. But what Commander David Scott did on the Apollo 15 mission was not to leave a souvenir there, but to pay homage to Galileo on the lunar surface.
On the Moon there is a weaker gravity (one-sixth the acceleration of Earth’s), but what there is no atmosphere, and therefore no air resistance. Therefore the conditions are fulfilled so that in the face of a fall there is no air resistance force, and therefore two objects dropped from the same height should touch the ground at the same time.
«In my left hand I have a feather, in my right hand I have a hammer. I suppose one of the reasons we have been able to get here is because a gentleman named Galileo made a very significant discovery about falling objects in gravitational fields, and what better place to confirm his findings than on the Moon.»


If there were one word with which we would have to label Nietzsche’s philosophy, it would be, among innumerable other possibilities, that of «demolition». The figure of Nietzsche, together with the preceding one of Kierkegaard, is supposed to be a reaction against the philosophy that had been cultivated since Modernity. In the case of Nietzsche, since Classical Greece itself. Nietzsche’s work is, first of all, a profound demolition of the philosophical tradition. Thus:
If Hegel believed that he could give a positive answer to the history of Western humanity, Nietzsche represents, on the contrary, the ruthless, resolute negation of the past; the repudiation of all traditions, the invitation to a radical turning back. (Fink 1986, p. 9)
Taking sides, then, in a markedly anti-Hegelian position, Nietzsche found himself initially linked to the philosophy of Schopenhauer. In his second stage, the so-called «transitional stage», Nietzsche will drink from positivism, so much in vogue at the time. And, finally, although Nietzsche may not have been aware of its existence, the essence of Kierkegaard’s project is also deeply linked to that of Nietzsche.

Sharks in danger of extinction

Pope Francis is interviewed by the communicator of Radio COPE, Carlos Herrera. He speaks for the first time about his medical intervention, and also about Afghanistan, China, euthanasia, Curia reform. We share the interview in video and written:
Now I can eat everything, something that before, with the diverticula, I could not. I can eat everything. I still have the post-operative medicines, because the brain has to register that it has 33 centimeters less intestine. And everything is managed by the brain, the brain manages our whole body, and it takes time for it to register it. But normal life, I lead a totally normal life.
– Is the program going to be as intense? I think that the Popes, Holiness, they make them do a real gymkhana. I have always wondered why the popes do not go for two more days and spread the work over two more days, because there are approximately 18 of the 24 hours doing things. Are you going to have to measure your strength more after the operation or not?
– Is Your Holiness afraid that one of the most insistent things with which the media, essentially Italian, distinguish you, Holy Father, is that when the Pope’s health is questioned many think or insist on the old argument of resignation, the «I’m going home, I can’t take it anymore»…? It is a permanent constant, I believe, in your life as Pope, isn’t it?

Marvel one-shot: something funny happened on the way to thor’s hammer.

1I already knew Pablo Neruda from the poem Bolivar. Pablo Neruda at that time was a Senator, and he was profusely quoted in the press, quoted not kindly by the right-wing press. This newspaper El Chileno was a reactionary and completely anti-communist, anti-Soviet newspaper. It made a big fuss when Chile established relations with the Soviet Union, «betrayal of the country» and what do I know. Regarding the Soviets, I did not have a very clear opinion, I did not know if they were bad or good. There were some communists in the teacher’s workshop and they agreed that they were the most humane teachers, the most supportive, even the most enlightened, because there were some terrible brutes.
2No, because there the communists spoke. I remember that when I was in the teacher’s school there was the Bulnes Square massacre, where Ramona Parra died, and of having participated, led by one of the teachers -San Juan was his name-, in a parade in protest against this massacre.
3Of course, in the Mapocho saltpeter works. And a massive act of solidarity by the CTCH in the Bulnes square. It was Duhalde’s government, as vice-president, after Juan Antonio Ríos had died. The pacos repressed the demonstration and shot; they killed eight people. The teacher later brought me some newspaper pages with a poem by Neruda called Los Muertos de la Plaza.